LabVIEW is systems engineering software for applications that require test, measurement, and control with rapid access to hardware and data insights. In the first case, you can avoid adding 3m and 25cm and coming up with the wrong answer. Don't forget to analyze both gross and net profit margin to better understand how successful your organization is at generating a. It has a format designed for more effective costing and ease of computerisation, and has features that differ from other forms of measurement. No matter how careful or accurate, every measurement result contains an independent amount of. ME6504 MM Important Questions. The importance of standardization Standardization brings innovation and spreads knowledge. ," agrees Ben Reade, a mechanical engineering student at Edinburgh Napier University. The importance of electricted measurement is for the measurement of electrical currents, voltage, and magnetic fields. Memorizing of units of measurement would be greatly simplified if he knows the principles kept in view while selecting the units of measurements. The book, 'Principles and Practice of Flow Meter Engineering' by L. No matter what project is being conducted under the Six Sigma methodology, this part of the process can never be omitted out and the successful results still be obtained. Measurement is very important in physics - physicists are serious about measurement. The Importance of Measurement Accuracy within the Metalworking Industry By Admin June 22, 2016 No Comments The metalworking industry has always placed great emphasis on having tools that can increase measurement accuracy, help with quality control, support reliability, and that can support the objective of ‘making it right the first time’. It's the first step that must be done in order for the engineer to know the existing topography, or geographical features of the land, which they'll utilize when planning the design of a building or roadway. This results in universally usable standard components and modular. It provides a foundation about the measurement principles which can be used to measure the design drawing's volume as well as the actual work's volume. Measurement units and standards are different in different countries but to maintain a standard, SI units are mostly used when dealing with projects involving different countries or even different states. The device used for a process is based on the material used as well as its corrosivity and toxicity. A measurement is the result of such a process, expressed as the multiple of a real number and a unit, where the real number is the ratio. Test and measurement 1. Civil Engineering Measurement Units: item shall be fully described and shall include wherever necessary all material , transport, unloading, stacking, storing, waste handling, return of packing, necessary scaffolding, safety appliance, lighting at place of work, all labour required for finishing to its shape, size, setting, fitting and fixing in. History of measurements 3. 33, figuring that a precision of ± (0. WHAT IS TEST… A test is a device or technique used to measure the performance, skill level, or knowledge of a learner on a specific subject matter. One of the major contributions of physics to other sciences and society are the many measuring devices and techniques that physics has developed. The importance of electricted measurement is for the measurement of electrical currents, voltage, and magnetic fields. Thermocouples - types, principles and temperature. Metrology is the science of measurement. For the design of embankments for dams, roads, pavements, excavations, levees etc. The last two are more specific, but I consider them fundamentally important (engineering or other). When we go to a market to purchase vegetables, we normally buy vegetables on the basis of weight but. Standardized units of measure are important to engineering because if everyone was using different measurement systems, dimensions of different objects and inventions wouldn't be converted. Various engineering productivity measurements have been used in previous research. To understand the techniques of surveying a student must carefully study the basics of it. Different classes of measurement techniques include direct measurement methods, comparison methods, non-contact methods, and in-process methods. In the previous article, we discussed briefly on the topic of "Scales in Surveying" where we came across an important term "Representative factor" which forms an important part in understanding the scales in Surveying. Quantitative measurements are performed each day. Test and measurement 1. Productivity - measurement and improvement _____ Author: Supervisor: Study of the productivity growth is becoming more important against a backdrop of market relations, because it allows company to stay competitive on the market and strengthen the social component in the development of society. Inter-rater reliability is when two scorers give the same answer for one measure. Over 79,000 lessons in all major subjects. Also consider both accuracy and precision when measuring. IMPORTANCE OF MEASUREMENT OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN CONSTRUCTION Prachi R. to simplify measurement by orifice meters, including "ASME Fluid Meters 6th Edition, ASME Power Test Code, Chapter 4 on Flow Measurement" and The Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook by R. for one person can build a chair, but it takes. Measurement Book (MB) Civil Engineering. 2013-09-10 03:45:49. It's so important that we have a whole lab dedicated to only measurements in our University. Small projects can be done with the locally used unit system but when the project is big, one standard unit system is to be used. But units of measurement and knowing how to convert them is super important to science. Performance Measurement •A performance measurement is a comparison of actual returns against a pre-specified benchmark •A performance metric is a type of measurement used to quantify the performance of some component of an organization •Various types of performance measures: • Key Result Indicators • Performance Indicators • Key Performance Indicators. Two of the most important reasons are the following: (1) they help us to avoid making mistakes in computation, and (2) they serve as a check on computations once they are completed. Efficient measuring and testing of your software for quality is the only way to maximize the chances of releasing high-quality software in today's fast-paced development environments. Quantitative measurements are performed each day. In the first case, you can avoid adding 3m and 25cm and coming up with the wrong answer. The aim of this unit is to provide a broad understanding of mechanical measurement and inspection techniques that apply to a range of engineering activities within different companies. Data of rainfall (precipitation) is more readily available, for cities and longer period, than for any other component of hydrological cycle. In manufacturing, it measures the time taken for a product to pass through all machines, processes and cycles to become a finished product. Memorizing of units of measurement would be greatly simplified if he knows the principles kept in view while selecting the units of measurements. Importance of Measurement Systems Analysis Measurement Systems analysis is an integral part of the Six Sigma project. Engineering as a profession is a major player in the twenty-first century. Suggested Citation: "2 Introduction to Instrumentation. Especially if accuracy is a must, because we only the trust our steps, which is in reality, it is improbable for us to walk with a. These standards acts as a reference. It gives an overview of the subject along with its importance. A molecule. Discuss how variability affects the data collected and used for making engineering decisions 3. Pressure measurement helps in determining the liquid level in tanks and containers. The fundamental quantities that are chosen are Length, Mass, Time, electric current. Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the construction and design of public and private sector works such as bridges, roads, dams and buildings. Your job is to make sure that these systems and processes operate effectively, efficiently and safely. Metrology is the science of measurement. While quality is also an important aspect of the produced software the measurement is not quality oriented. Article Summary: "On a baseline level, measurements fall into the categories of weight, area, volume, length and even temperature. Incorrect or inappropriate measurements can cause levels in vessels to be excessively higher or lower than their measured values. Profit: This goes without saying, but it is still important to note, as this is one of the most important performance indicators out there. An engineering notebook can be used for all of the following purposes EXCEPT documenting goals in an engineer's personal life. Time study may also be defined as "the art of observing and recording the time required to do each detailed element of an. The importance of standardization Standardization brings innovation and spreads knowledge. To elaborate, measurement accuracy is widely agreed to be a most important aspect in mechanical parts inspections. Engineering is a very practical field where everything is application based. It provides a foundation about the measurement principles which can be used to measure the design drawing's volume as well as the actual work's volume. Incorrect or inappropriate measurements can cause levels in vessels to be excessively higher or lower than their measured values. Work measurement is the process where an organization determines if work programs, investments and acquisitions are reaching anticipated goals. Many people think they know their height, but the reality is that they're probably off by an inch or two. The Role of Statistics in Engineering CHAPTER OUTLINE LEARNING OBJECTIVES After careful study of this chapter you should be able to do the following: 1. Identify the role that statistics can play in the engineering problem-solving process 2. The Capability Based Assessment (CBA) defines the MOE's and. Profit: This goes without saying, but it is still important to note, as this is one of the most important performance indicators out there. The Role of Statistics in Engineering Identify, at least tentatively, the important factors that affect this problem or that may play a role in its solution. (210-VI-EFH, October 2008) 1-vii Part 650 Engineering Field Handbook Chapter 1 Surveying Tables Table 1-1 Accuracy standards for horizontal and vertical control 1-3 Table 1-2 List of common abbreviations used 1-12 Table 1-3 Calculations for the angles and sides in figure 1-7 1-19 Table 1-4 Relationships between azimuths and bearings 1-25. Compressive strength of concrete is the Strength of hardened concrete measured by the compression test. This is one of the important subjects of civil engineering. All of the following factors should be considered in finding the best solution EXCEPT. So, I wanted to take a moment to share a bit more about units, along with some of the key conversion factors your students should memorize. Measurement is an integral part of modern science as well as of engineering, commerce, and daily life. Standardized units of measure are important to engineering because if everyone was using different measurement systems, dimensions of different objects and inventions wouldn't be converted. Obtaining accurate and meaningful data is important in determining the quality and consistency of the product. TPM is an evolutionary Program Management and systems engineering tool that builds on the three parameters of (1) Earned Value Management (EVM) and (2) cost and schedule performance indicators and (3. See Talking Point on this page for 14 Quotes on Why Measurement is Important. Replicable data (getting the same results by conducting the same experiment) are a defining element of the scientific method, and standardized units of measurement are a cornerstone of replicable data. LabVIEW offers a graphical programming approach that helps you visualize every aspect of your application, including hardware configuration, measurement data, and debugging. Explain how engineers use measurement and understand the importance of accuracy and precision in engineering design. Metrology is the science of measurement. Hence standardisation! It made life much more reliable. Construction and fire protection equipment drawings must be interpreted with a high degree of accuracy. Why are standardized units of measure important to scientists? 2. For the design of embankments for dams, roads, pavements, excavations, levees etc. Discuss how variability affects the data collected and used for making engineering decisions 3. The device used for a process is based on the material used as well as its corrosivity and toxicity. conditions: input 0-10V, Accuracy = ± (0. Measurement book in Civil engineering is a book used by any department or agency of construction site, to record the work done by the contractor with all the direction, dimension and quantity with date of execution of work. The charge of an electron is so small. It is very important to understand and use significant figures for proper measurement. Work measurement is concerned with the determination of the amount of time required to perform a unit of work. Objectives of Work Measurement 3. So, I wanted to take a moment to share a bit more about units, along with some of the key conversion factors your students should memorize. Nowadays, Standard Method of Measurement (SMM) is one of the most important standardization in construction industry. It includes documenting and communicating the concern. Precise, standardized measurement is truly the glue that holds scientific inquiry together. Although engineering is viewed as a technical field, communication in engineering is vital to succeeding as an engineer. Because the pull-off force measurements exhibit variability, we. Pressure measurement helps in determining the liquid level in tanks and containers. Importance of Surveying to Civil Engineers and Some Practical Examples The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of Dr Ismail Elkhrachy Importance of. They quantify the results to be obtained by a system and may be expressed as probabilities that the system will perform as required. It's so important that we have a whole lab dedicated to only measurements in our University. Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp. THE MEASUREMENT OF ORP An ORP sensor consists of an ORP electrode and a reference electrode, in much the same fashion as a pH measurement. Anna University BE8255 Basic Electrical Electronics and Measurement Engineering Notes are provided below. Cooking: Chemistry explains how food changes as you cook it, how it rots, how to preserve food, how your body uses the food you eat, and how ingredients interact to make food. Metrology is the science of measurement. Sample BE8255 important 16 Mark questions Basic Electrical Electronics and Measurement Engineering 1 Explain with the help of a sketch, the constructional features of a dc machine and briefly describe the functions of armature core, commutator and brushes. Control and instrumentation (C&I) engineers are responsible for designing, developing, installing, managing and maintaining equipment which is used to monitor and control engineering systems, machinery and processes. Surveying, the first step of starting a new civil engineering project, is a very important branch of civil engineering. It is a good way to. The device used for a process is based on the material used as well as its corrosivity and toxicity. TPM is an evolutionary Program Management and systems engineering tool that builds on the three parameters of (1) Earned Value Management (EVM) and (2) cost and schedule performance indicators and (3. For examples, people use measurements in simple home task like cooking where one. Measurement - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Read the latest articles of Measurement at ScienceDirect. Why are standardized units of measure important to scientists? 2. ," agrees Ben Reade, a mechanical engineering student at Edinburgh Napier University. Low levels can cause problems and damage equipment, while high levels can cause overflow and potentially create safety and environmental problems. Hence standardisation! It made life much more reliable. Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities. These principles can apply to products or a services, but I'm going to focus on manufacturing and how these three fundamental concepts relate to each other in that context. Measurement is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. Which unit of measurement is used the most in science and engineering around the world? Conclusion 1. Temperature holds great importance for both food manufacturers and those simply looking to cook at home. 0 Document No. Engineering is a very practical field where everything is application based. •A DIMENSION is a numerical value expressed in appropriate units of measurement and used to define the size, location, orientation, form or other geometric characteristics of a part. Incorrect or inappropriate measurements can cause levels in vessels to be excessively higher or lower than their measured values. Units of Measurement Physics Class 11 Download in pdf. A technical investigate is really based on theory, which is authorized only using attained measured principles. That situation motivated Dr. Proper selection of units and accurate measurement of items are very important in our daily life. Standardized units of measure are important to engineering because if everyone was using different measurement systems, dimensions of different objects and inventions wouldn't be converted. The importance of matching the control measure to the health risk and its reliability is also discussed along with commissioning. Engineering and administrative controls can also be helpful when complying with this OSHA regulation: "In the control of those occupational diseases caused by breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors, the primary objective shall be to prevent atmospheric contamination. LabVIEW offers a graphical programming approach that helps you visualize every aspect of your application, including hardware configuration, measurement data, and debugging. measurement synonyms, measurement pronunciation, measurement translation, English dictionary definition of measurement. It helps the team to keep a track on the software quality at every stage in the software development cycle and also provides information to control and reduce the number of errors. Work measurement is the process where an organization determines if work programs, investments and acquisitions are reaching anticipated goals. Objectives of Work Measurement 3. The Biomedical Engineering Society has developed a list of the major specialty areas in bioengineering. To elaborate, measurement accuracy is widely agreed to be a most important aspect in mechanical parts inspections. Engineering Managers Are In Demand. The Science Behind Quality Control Put simply, Metrology is the science of measurement. It also describes unit of measurement of sound, what is a decibel and why it is important in engineering. Small projects can be done with the locally used unit system but when the project is big, one standard unit system is to be used. In software projects, it is most important to measure the quality, cost, and effectiveness of the project and the processes. You use chemistry to help decide what cleaner is best for dishes, laundry, yourself, and your home. For temperature measurements, API Chapter 7 offers guidance for how to determine the proper spot or average measurement. Viscosity is a measure of an oil's resistance to flow. Measures of Effectiveness (MOE) are measure designed to correspond to accomplishment of mission objectives and achievement of desired results. Engineering is a very practical field where everything is application based. lift and form drag. important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases. Measurement is an integral part of modern science as well as of engineering, commerce, and daily life. It is all to do with repeatability. The Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement - CESMM - has been well established for over 20 years as the standard for the preparation of bills of quantities in civil engineering work. Number of Amendments: 2. Incorrect or inappropriate measurements can cause levels in vessels to be excessively higher or lower than their measured values. 1 inches) would be precise enough for the work she was doing. mike36 via Flickr) This technical article describes the basic principles of three phase systems and the difference between the different measurement connections that are possible. Roschke to assemble this material. Process Metrics. Vibration Measurement For Rotatory Machines 1 1 INTRODUCTION In summer of 2011 I started to work for Hi-Teckno Engineering and a consulting office. When designing a construction site, surveying is an extremely important part of the process. Obtaining accurate and meaningful data is important in determining the quality and consistency of the product. CONCLUSION: Pace factor is important if you want to estimate the measure of a land without using any measuring devices. This article describes what sound is and how it is measured according to pressure, intensity and power. LabVIEW offers a graphical programming approach that helps you visualize every aspect of your application, including hardware configuration, measurement data, and debugging. It is a good way to. Consequently, a measure is the number or symbol assigned to an entity by this mapping in order to characterize an entity. Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp. History of measurements 3. It's so important that we have a whole lab dedicated to only measurements in our University. Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities. Measurement Why is it important? Using standard units ensures a universal system of measurement which helps us to interpret, communicate and calculate measurements, including converting between units. How does measurement impact STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine) education? The sciences are built upon measurement!. BE8255 Notes all 5 units notes are uploaded here. IS code 1200 named measurement of building and civil engineering works has total 28 separate parts which contains single copy for every item. estimate of the true mean. Reverse engineering, essentially a measurement and documentation process, requires a high degree of accuracy, and of course, dimensional measurement. This is one of the important subjects of civil engineering. Below I'll walk through my own process of choosing metrics to measure this application's performance as if it were starting development today. Metrology is the science of measurement. "Each level of measurement and its corresponding scale is able to measure one or more of the four properties of. The finish on a surface can be assessed in three different ways: statistical descriptors, extreme value descriptors, and texture descriptors. It provides a foundation about the measurement principles which can be used to measure the design drawing's volume as well as the actual work's volume. OK, if there were no standard, how would you know what was meant by a given measure? It doesn't matter whether your measure is imperial, metric or something else, it has to be defined and that means that there has to be a standard. Based on Morris's Measurement and Instrumentation Principles, this brand new text has been fully updated with coverage of the latest developments. Measurement is often considered a hallmark of the scientific enterprise and a privileged source of knowledge relative to qualitative modes of inquiry. Quantitative measurements are performed each day. Summary •Clarify distinctions between EPC and AEC •State EPC Challenges •Review EPC Principal Functions •CAD Evolution in the past quarter century. Work measurement is concerned with the determination of the amount of time required to perform a unit of work. Proper selection of units and accurate measurement of items are very important in our daily life. Measures of Effectiveness (MOE) are measure designed to correspond to accomplishment of mission objectives and achievement of desired results. The online MEM program equips students with the foundational skills in communications and marketing required of the leaders they aspire to be. The aim of this unit is to provide a broad understanding of mechanical measurement and inspection techniques that apply to a range of engineering activities within different companies. but to add when talking with some one else. IMPORTANCE OF MEASUREMENT OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN CONSTRUCTION Prachi R. Dept of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Drexel University Dimensions • A dimension is for size and position (of the designed/modeled shape). Marketing holds an especially important place in business communications. While we look at these various categories as stoic forms of mathematical measurements a closer examination of things we do in everyday life reveals their clear importance. For articles about more general measurements, see the list of articles in the measurement category. Definition: Quality assurance is "a planned and systematic means for assuring management that the defined standards, practices, procedures, and methods of the process are applied. An engineering notebook can be used for all of the following purposes EXCEPT documenting goals in an engineer's personal life. Read the latest articles of Measurement at ScienceDirect. Authors are encouraged to submit novel material representing achievements in the field, whose ultimate goal is an enhancement of the state-of-the-art of subjects such as: measurement and metrology fundamentals, measurement science, sensors, measurement instruments. Calculations involving perimeter, area and volume are needed in real life contexts and enable us to work out accurate amounts. Memorizing of units of measurement would be greatly simplified if he knows the principles kept in view while selecting the units of measurements. Metrology and calibration guides usually refer to the terms Measurement Standards and Measurement Traceability. An example is 9 metres, which is an estimate of an object's length relative to a unit of length, one metre. Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Projects Opportunities for Improvements through automation Presented by Robert N. To do this, always use SI units to quantify and describe what you measure. Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, P. It's so important that we have a whole lab dedicated to only measurements in our University. So, I wanted to take a moment to share a bit more about units, along with some of the key conversion factors your students should memorize. It's very very VERY important. Instrumentation and Control Engineering. Title of Legally Binding Document: Method of measurement of building and civil engineering works, Part 2: concrete works. Metrology is the science of measurement. The Importance of Quantitative Methods in Environmental Science and Sustainability Measurement by Unity College Online | Mar 23, 2017 | Sustainability Environmental science is a continuously evolving academic field that seeks to help us gain a progressively better understanding of our natural world and develop effective solutions for important. Why are standardized units of measure important to scientists? 2. The charge of an electron is so small. Authors are encouraged to submit novel material representing achievements in the field, whose ultimate goal is an enhancement of the state-of-the-art of subjects such as: measurement and metrology fundamentals, measurement science, sensors, measurement instruments. ,) pressure measurement serves as an indication of flow rate. Importance of shear strength of soil. Temperature holds great importance for both food manufacturers and those simply looking to cook at home. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. We are grateful to PR Week for the copy. The Importance of Pressure Measurement Across various industries, measuring the pressure of a substance is an important part of the manufacturing process. Along with accurate level and temperature measurements, some applications require compensation for changes in density. Accuracy: An instrument's degree of veracity—how close its measurement comes to the actual or reference value of the signal being measured. In today's article, we will learn with examples and graphs - Software Test Metrics and Measurements and how to use these in the Software Testing. For that, the results of key publications (dealing with. We will discuss here about the importance of measurement. INCOSE Systems Engineering Measurement Primer v2. Which unit of measurement is used the most in science and engineering around the world? Conclusion 1. The shaft is too tight in the hole; the center of the hole is not at the center of the shaft making it off-center; one part is loose on another and slips out of place or does not seal as it should. The importance of level measurement cannot be overstated. Importance of Surveying to Civil Engineers and Some Practical Examples The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of Dr Ismail Elkhrachy Importance of. The first three metrics listed below are what I call "general metrics", these are elements that you should measure but how you measure and what you measure will vary depending on your company and the role engineering plays. It's the first step that must be done in order for the engineer to know the existing topography, or geographical features of the land, which they'll utilize when planning the design of a building or roadway. It governs the sealing effect of oils and the rate of oil consumption, as well as determines the ease with which machines may be started or operated under varying temperature conditions, particularly in cold climates. In "everyday life," we pick up a ruler and measure something without giving it much thought. Measurement is the process of comparing unknown magnitude of certain parameter with the known predefined standard of that parameter. Reliability occurs when an experiment or research investigation is carried out repeatedly under the same…. Science measurements are based on the metric system, so it is important that you know the metric base units and prefixes. (sorry to bring that one up!) Imagine the criticality of bullets not fitting the firearm. Civil Engineering Measurement Units: item shall be fully described and shall include wherever necessary all material , transport, unloading, stacking, storing, waste handling, return of packing, necessary scaffolding, safety appliance, lighting at place of work, all labour required for finishing to its shape, size, setting, fitting and fixing in. The first three metrics listed below are what I call "general metrics", these are elements that you should measure but how you measure and what you measure will vary depending on your company and the role engineering plays. Measurement is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. --Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda. Igor Stameski received a Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from the Department of Electronics and Telecommunications and holds a Master's degree in Telecommunications. Why is flow measurement important? Energy conservation and environmental safeguards are of great interest to most progressive corporations. T his chapter introduces the subject of instrumentation in general; defines. Level Measurement Level measurement devices can detect, indicate, and/or help control liquid or solid levels. The shaft is too tight in the hole; the center of the hole is not at the center of the shaft making it off-center; one part is loose on another and slips out of place or does not seal as it should. Measurement Book (MB) Civil Engineering. These principles can apply to products or a services, but I'm going to focus on manufacturing and how these three fundamental concepts relate to each other in that context. Surveying, the first step of starting a new civil engineering project, is a very important branch of civil engineering. How does measurement impact STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine) education? The sciences are built upon measurement!. When designing a construction site, surveying is an extremely important part of the process. to simplify measurement by orifice meters, including "ASME Fluid Meters 6th Edition, ASME Power Test Code, Chapter 4 on Flow Measurement" and The Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook by R. Low levels can cause problems and damage equipment, while high levels can cause overflow and potentially create safety and environmental problems. Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers. These were developed by psychologist Stanley Smith Stevens, who wrote about them in a 1946 article in Science, titled "On the Theory of Scales of Measurement. PROCESS APPROACH As it was previously said constitution of process organizations is a necessary base for constitution of measurement system via KPI. It has a format designed for more effective costing and ease of computerisation, and has features that differ from other forms of measurement. you make a chair for a regular size person. It establishes a common understanding of units, crucial in linking human activities. How does measurement impact STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine) education? The sciences are built upon measurement!. It gives an overview of the subject along with its importance. Contributions are invited on novel achievements in all fields of measurement and instrumentation science and technology. Which unit of measurement is used the most in science and engineering around the world? Conclusion 1. Proper measurements are required to ensure that satellite and computer networking systems allow the world to communicate quickly, accurately, and effectively. The book, 'Principles and Practice of Flow Meter Engineering' by L. The Role of Statistics in Engineering CHAPTER OUTLINE LEARNING OBJECTIVES After careful study of this chapter you should be able to do the following: 1. OK, if there were no standard, how would you know what was meant by a given measure? It doesn't matter whether your measure is imperial, metric or something else, it has to be defined and that means that there has to be a standard. Roger Joiner, Survey Team Leader. Measurement, the process of associating numbers with physical quantities and phenomena. Engineering and administrative controls can also be helpful when complying with this OSHA regulation: "In the control of those occupational diseases caused by breathing air contaminated with harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or vapors, the primary objective shall be to prevent atmospheric contamination. When designing a construction site, surveying is an extremely important part of the process. Performance measurement is generally defined as regular measurement of outcomes and Output information is important to show the scope or size of what the inputs and activities produce. ," agrees Ben Reade, a mechanical engineering student at Edinburgh Napier University. LabVIEW is systems engineering software for applications that require test, measurement, and control with rapid access to hardware and data insights. When we go to a market to purchase vegetables, we normally buy vegetables on the basis of weight but. It helps the team to keep a track on the software quality at every stage in the software development cycle and also provides information to control and reduce the number of errors. CESMM4 sets out a procedure for the preparation of a bill of quantities for civil Engineering works for contracts based on traditional "Measure and value"principles. Number of Amendments: 2. Contributions are invited on novel achievements in all fields of measurement and instrumentation science and technology. We can most likely see increases in research and development, architectural engineering, biomedical, and environmental engineering. Importance of Surveying to Civil Engineers and Some Practical Examples The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of Dr Ismail Elkhrachy Importance of. Typically, the accuracy of the standard should be ten times the accuracy of the measuring device being tested. Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the construction and design of public and private sector works such as bridges, roads, dams and buildings. Proper selection of units and accurate measurement of items are very important in our daily life. Figure: Example Technical Performance Measurement TPMs provide an assessment of key capability values in comparison with those expected over time. Surveying is the technique of. Calibration procedures, Instrumentation, Electrical,Interview question, Instrumentation job opportunities,Piping & Instrument diagram symbols,Flow transmitter calibration, DP type transmitter calibration,Control valve calibration,Flow measurement,Level measurement, Temperature measurement, hook up diagram,instrument data sheet,calibration procedure. It gives an overview of the subject along with its importance. Measurements play an important role in daily life because they are useful to do basic tasks, such as take a child's temperature with a thermometer, make time estimations, measure out medicine and find weights, areas and volumes of different materials or substances. (210-VI-EFH, October 2008) 1-vii Part 650 Engineering Field Handbook Chapter 1 Surveying Tables Table 1-1 Accuracy standards for horizontal and vertical control 1-3 Table 1-2 List of common abbreviations used 1-12 Table 1-3 Calculations for the angles and sides in figure 1-7 1-19 Table 1-4 Relationships between azimuths and bearings 1-25. However, measurement can be costly. Measurement - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Chapter 2 sets the standards of measurement. INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING XII Chapter 6 gives an overview of instrument transformers, their uses, and testing methods for determi-nation of phase and current/voltage errors. 33, figuring that a precision of ± (0. Could be catastrophic. An example is 9 metres, which is an estimate of an object's length relative to a unit of length, one metre. The Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement (CESMM3) is becoming increasingly used in civil engineering works, under the NEC, ICE and FIDIC forms of contract, both in the UK and overseas. It also talks about general measurement, methods of measurement, errors associated with any measurement, and the types of errors. Before determining the work measurement of certain performances or tasks, an amount of time must be allowed to pass. These principles can apply to products or a services, but I'm going to focus on manufacturing and how these three fundamental concepts relate to each other in that context. Test is a tools or instrument or. It's the first step that must be done in order for the engineer to know the existing topography, or geographical features of the land, which they'll utilize when planning the design of a building or roadway. 2 to 1 bar) enable different measurement, control, adjustment and display devices to be combined at will. That situation motivated Dr. Software testing metrics provide quantitative approach to measure the quality and effectiveness of the software development and testing process. " Home > Math Tips > 10 Everyday Reasons Why. Precise, standardized measurement is truly the glue that holds scientific inquiry together. Why are standardized units of measure important to engineering? A: The standred units. When designing a construction site, surveying is an extremely important part of the process. An outcome represents a specific result a program is intended. Here I have listed some basic measurements and conversion factors which are most commonly used in civil engineering. CONCLUSION: Pace factor is important if you want to estimate the measure of a land without using any measuring devices. It is important to ensure proper measurement in the chemistry lab. Chapter 2 sets the standards of measurement. The importance of level measurement cannot be overstated. A measure is established when a number of errors is (single data point) detected in a software component. Importance of Viscosity. Surveying Principles and Methods in Civil Engineering Surveying is the process of determining relative positions of different objects on the surface of the earth by measuring horizontal distances between them and preparing a map to any suitable scale. Low levels can cause problems and damage equipment, while high levels can cause overflow and potentially create safety and environmental problems. (sorry to bring that one up!) Imagine the criticality of bullets not fitting the firearm. These standards acts as a reference. Invent a new India using knowledge. The online MEM program equips students with the foundational skills in communications and marketing required of the leaders they aspire to be. A technical investigate is really based on theory, which is authorized only using attained measured principles. Roger Joiner, Survey Team Leader. THE ORP ELECTRODE The principle behind the ORP measurement is the use of an inert metal electrode (platinum, sometimes gold), which, due to its low resistance, will give up. 1% of input + 1mV) Precision describes the reproducibility of the measurement. An accurate determination of temperature (the measure of hot or cold) is an important factor in many industries and fields of science. Here are the 12 most important metrics to measure in manufacturing that are essential for a successful business… Manufacturing cycle time. Below I'll walk through my own process of choosing metrics to measure this application's performance as if it were starting development today. Measurement and Instrumentation introduces undergraduate engineering students to the measurement principles and the range of sensors and instruments that are used for measuring physical variables. Which unit of measurement is used the most in science and engineering around the world? Conclusion 1. Explain how engineers use measurement and understand the importance of accuracy and precision in engineering design. It provides a foundation about the measurement principles which can be used to measure the design drawing's volume as well as the actual work's volume. You (and your doctor) should measure your height so you have a baseline measurement, because it's a vital sign of sorts. Engineering is a very practical field where everything is application based. - Turbulence: Velocity-Pressure-Gradient tensor, which can be. In the fields of civil engineering, unit conversion of various measurements is must have knowledge now-a-days. To do this, always use SI units to quantify and describe what you measure. OK, if there were no standard, how would you know what was meant by a given measure? It doesn't matter whether your measure is imperial, metric or something else, it has to be defined and that means that there has to be a standard. The Science Behind Quality Control Put simply, Metrology is the science of measurement. The fundamental quantities that are chosen are Length, Mass, Time, electric current. Measurement is often considered a hallmark of the scientific enterprise and a privileged source of knowledge relative to qualitative modes of inquiry. The act of measuring or the process of being measured. Cleaning: Part of the importance of chemistry is it explains how cleaning works. Without measuring these, a project can't be completed successfully. It goes without saying that correct dimensional measurement is a key factor in manufacturing. In this article, we will discuss different types of scales used in Surveying…. Suggested Citation: "2 Introduction to Instrumentation. For example, if Jodie and her friend look at the same survey results, they should be able to both mark that. CESMM 4 Is the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement, Fourth edition. Whether we are performing an alignment inspection on the components of a paper machine or measuring bolt holes on the wing of an airplane, highly accurate, repeatable, precision measurement is at the foundation of every job we do. Test is a tools or instrument or. Delivery of this unit should concentrate on the practical application of electronic measurement and testing of electronic equipment and systems. Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp. In software projects, it is most important to measure the quality, cost, and effectiveness of the project and the processes. Thus, in this g. " Keywords: continuous improvement, measurement, metrics. Data of rainfall (precipitation) is more readily available, for cities and longer period, than for any other component of hydrological cycle. Basic Electrical and Electronics and Measurement Engineering - BE8255. Thomas Measurements have been an important part of human beings not only from the engineering point of view but also in day to day life. Quality Control: Meaning and Importance, Definition and Objectives! Meaning and Importance: Present era is the 'Era of Quality'. Engineering drawings offer you a chance to show the exact changes required in the design so that mechanical engineers can develop a plan of action. This is especially true when it comes to measurements, as an inexact figure can negatively affect the entire process. (210-VI-EFH, October 2008) 1-vii Part 650 Engineering Field Handbook Chapter 1 Surveying Tables Table 1-1 Accuracy standards for horizontal and vertical control 1-3 Table 1-2 List of common abbreviations used 1-12 Table 1-3 Calculations for the angles and sides in figure 1-7 1-19 Table 1-4 Relationships between azimuths and bearings 1-25. Measurement - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Identify the role that statistics can play in the engineering problem-solving process 2. That situation motivated Dr. It is measured by crushing cylindrical concrete specimens in compression testing machine. Igor Stameski received a Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from the Department of Electronics and Telecommunications and holds a Master's degree in Telecommunications. Viscosity is a critical property of hydraulic oil. Identify the role that statistics can play in the engineering problem-solving process 2. --Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda. LEGALLY BINDING DOCUMENT. An accurate determination of temperature (the measure of hot or cold) is an important factor in many industries and fields of science. The compression strength of concrete is a measure of the concrete's ability to resist loads which tend to compress it. Engineering as a profession is a major player in the twenty-first century. The first three metrics listed below are what I call "general metrics", these are elements that you should measure but how you measure and what you measure will vary depending on your company and the role engineering plays. The knowledge of shear strength is very important some of the uses are provided below: In the design of foundations the evaluation of bearing capacity is dependent on the shear strength. The Importance of Quantitative Methods in Environmental Science and Sustainability Measurement by Unity College Online | Mar 23, 2017 | Sustainability Environmental science is a continuously evolving academic field that seeks to help us gain a progressively better understanding of our natural world and develop effective solutions for important. Calibration of your measuring instruments. Time study may also be defined as "the art of observing and recording the time required to do each detailed element of an. The Importance of Pressure Measurement Across various industries, measuring the pressure of a substance is an important part of the manufacturing process. Standardized units of measure are important to engineering because if everyone was using different measurement systems, dimensions of different objects and inventions wouldn't be converted. The most-used equivalents are 1 meter=39. Summary •Clarify distinctions between EPC and AEC •State EPC Challenges •Review EPC Principal Functions •CAD Evolution in the past quarter century. The device used for a process is based on the material used as well as its corrosivity and toxicity. extensometers) measurement, full-field strain measurement yields an enormous amount of additional information that can help engineers and scientists better understand the behavior of materials and structures. A lot of math and science is not easily accessible without understanding the basics of measurement, which in this country and most others is learned in the study of spatial measurement (length, area, and volume). This situation became critical during the wars. Learners should be introduced to the applications of various types of test equipment by using them to make measurements on laboratory made-up circuits or rigs. All of the following factors should be considered in finding the best solution EXCEPT. Chapter 7 describes the use of operation amplifiers in measurement technology, and how to use them. They include: Bioinstrumentation is the application of electronics and measurement techniques to develop devices used in diagnosis and treatment of disease; Biomaterials include both living tissue and artificial materials used for implantation. The importance of standardization Standardization brings innovation and spreads knowledge. In physics, chemistry and engineering, for example, the type of measurement is well established, and the researcher instinctively knows the standard system. Unit of Measurement & Rule of Measurement. Based on Morris's Measurement and Instrumentation Principles, this brand new text has been fully updated with coverage of the latest developments. AMEC was delighted to be a part of a successful PRWeek Breakfast Briefing in London which had 14 "must see" quotes on the importance of measurement. 18 Key Performance Indicator Examples & Definitions Financial Metrics. Civil Engineering Measurement Units: item shall be fully described and shall include wherever necessary all material , transport, unloading, stacking, storing, waste handling, return of packing, necessary scaffolding, safety appliance, lighting at place of work, all labour required for finishing to its shape, size, setting, fitting and fixing in. To start learning surveying one must start with the definition of surveying and its importance. CESMM 4 Is the Civil Engineering Standard Method of Measurement, Fourth edition. Work measurement is concerned with the determination of the amount of time required to perform a unit of work. Different classes of measurement techniques include direct measurement methods, comparison methods, non-contact methods, and in-process methods. History of measurements 3. Below I'll walk through my own process of choosing metrics to measure this application's performance as if it were starting development today. To elaborate, measurement accuracy is widely agreed to be a most important aspect in mechanical parts inspections. Measurement Book (MB) Civil Engineering. com the field of engineering management is expected to grow nine percent through 2020. The Importance of Bandwidth The key area of improvement for RF signal generator and analyzer technology has been, and continues to be, wider instantaneous bandwidth. --Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda. Because you want all scientists/engineers to speak the same language. Although I have carefully checked the values given here, it is quite possible that some. It establishes a common understanding of units, crucial in linking human activities. From the above definition, we conclude on two types of measurements in surveying. This results in universally usable standard components and modular. An engineering map is a map showing important information for planning an engineering project or development and for estimating its cost. They experienced practical annoyances with the mingling of units from mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and physics. Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling! Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro. Units of measurement used in past and present surveys are. engineering, were engaged in the new field of electric propulsion. so measurements is a form of communication with each other. While we look at these various categories as stoic forms of mathematical measurements a closer examination of things we do in everyday life reveals their clear importance. It has a format designed for more effective costing and ease of computerisation, and has features that differ from other forms of measurement. It's so important that we have a whole lab dedicated to only measurements in our University. Accuracy can be one of the most important aspects to ensuring that a construction project runs smoothly. It is very important to understand and use significant figures for proper measurement. Metrology and calibration guides usually refer to the terms Measurement Standards and Measurement Traceability. Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers. Roschke to assemble this material. Because the pull-off force measurements exhibit variability, we. The book, 'Principles and Practice of Flow Meter Engineering' by L. Hope it will help you in your work. In a practical scenario many of the devices we. Propose a model for the problem, using scientific or engineering knowledge of the pull-off force measurements. for this purpose level sensors are used to detect the level of the liquid or solids. important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases. The Science Behind Quality Control Put simply, Metrology is the science of measurement. LEGALLY BINDING DOCUMENT. Surveying, the first step of starting a new civil engineering project, is a very important branch of civil engineering. Accuracy: An instrument's degree of veracity—how close its measurement comes to the actual or reference value of the signal being measured. (UOM) for civil engineering works : Units of Measurement - Very Important Concrete Society Report - Concrete core testing for strength IS-2720 (PART 4)-1985-INDIAN STANDARD METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS(SECOND REVISION). Obtaining accurate and meaningful data is important in determining the quality and consistency of the product. Five of reasons quality is important to measure include: Safety - Poor quality in software can be hazardous to human life and safety. Civil Engineering Measurement Units: item shall be fully described and shall include wherever necessary all material , transport, unloading, stacking, storing, waste handling, return of packing, necessary scaffolding, safety appliance, lighting at place of work, all labour required for finishing to its shape, size, setting, fitting and fixing in. Spink [1], first published in 1930, is generally recognised as the first, and for many years the only, definitive collected 'body of knowledge' appertaining to industrial flow measurement. The importance of level measurement cannot be overstated. Recent developments show a fundamental change in impact measurements from impact on science to impact on society. Measurement is fundamental to the sciences; to engineering, construction, and other technical fields; and to almost all everyday activities. A test is a specific tool, or procedure used to draw out or elicit a response from the students in order to gain information. Viscosity is a critical property of hydraulic oil. It's very very VERY important. 2 to 1 bar) enable different measurement, control, adjustment and display devices to be combined at will. Keywords: risk, risk identification, risk management MITRE SE Roles & Expectations: MITRE systems engineers (SEs) working on government programs are expected to identify. Unit of Measurement & Rule of Measurement. In other words, measurement is established when many components are reviewed and tested individually to collect the measure of a number of errors in all these components. " To illustrate this measurement-driven approach, let's use the Nike+ Running app as an example. Sample BE8255 important questions BASIC ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS AND MEASUREMENT ENGINEERING: What is meant by charge? Charge is an electrical property of the atomic particles which matter consists. Work measurement has been defined by British Standard Institution as, "The application of techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance". Reverse engineering, essentially a measurement and documentation process, requires a high degree of accuracy, and of course, dimensional measurement. In the first case, you can avoid adding 3m and 25cm and coming up with the wrong answer. So why is reliability important? Well to state the obvious because it is 'reliable'. Asked in Civil Engineering Importance of geology in civil engineering project ?. Face validity is when a tool subjectively appears to measure a construct. Without measuring these, a project can't be completed successfully. Accuracy can be one of the most important aspects to ensuring that a construction project runs smoothly. These principles can apply to products or a services, but I’m going to focus on manufacturing and how these three fundamental concepts relate to each other in that context. what are KPI, and importance of organization performances measurement, and in third part of the paper will be explained and shown some of the KPI that Toyota dealerships uses in their business. The standard deviation is a more reliable measure of the variation. Standards are reference documents that represent a consensus among the players in a given industry and that define voluntary characteristics and rules in a specific industry. Measurements play an important role in daily life because they are useful to do basic tasks, such as take a child's temperature with a thermometer, make time estimations, measure out medicine and find weights, areas and volumes of different materials or substances. It also talks about general measurement, methods of measurement, errors associated with any measurement, and the types of errors. It helps the team to keep a track on the software quality at every stage in the software development cycle and also provides information to control and reduce the number of errors. The concept of traceability is important because it allows the comparison of the accuracy of measurements worldwide according to a standardized procedure for estimating measurement uncertainty. They are as. It's the technology behind the quality assurance processes in manufacturing that ensure your car runs the way it should, your computer's processor works properly and many more aspects of daily life that most of us take for granted—until something goes wrong. What are some common industries that utilize temperature measurements? Food. Could be catastrophic. It is very important to understand and use significant figures for proper measurement. So, I wanted to take a moment to share a bit more about units, along with some of the key conversion factors your students should memorize. Ghate1, Prof. The book, 'Principles and Practice of Flow Meter Engineering' by L. Read the latest articles of Measurement at ScienceDirect. Inter-rater reliability is when two scorers give the same answer for one measure. April 6, 2015 by Berg Engineering 0 The hardness of a material is the property that enables it to resist deformation, bending, scratching, abrasion, or cutting. All matter is composed of exceedingly tiny particles called molecules. Importance of Surveying to Civil Engineers and Some Practical Examples The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of Dr Ismail Elkhrachy Importance of. The Importance of Measurement in Manufacturing. In this case if the values are close together then it has a high degree of precision or repeatability. It is important. When designing a construction site, surveying is an extremely important part of the process. The importance of electricted measurement is for the measurement of electrical currents, voltage, and magnetic fields. We will discuss here about the importance of measurement. Marketing holds an especially important place in business communications. The importance of performance measurement system lies in the fact that it not only improves the performance, but also the productivity of a business entity by reducing costs. conditions: input 0-10V, Accuracy = ± (0. It is a good way to. Science measurements are based on the metric system, so it is important that you know the metric base units and prefixes. " Importance of measurement. For example, measure a steady state signal many times. com the field of engineering management is expected to grow nine percent through 2020. Work measurement has been defined by British Standard Institution as, "The application of techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance". Instrumentation and Control Engineering. Once control has been achieved the article will explain why maintenance and checks are vital in order to maintain good control and therefore reduce worker exposure. To start learning surveying one must start with the definition of surveying and its importance. Work measurement is the process where an organization determines if work programs, investments and acquisitions are reaching anticipated goals. The Science Behind Quality Control Put simply, Metrology is the science of measurement. CONCLUSION: Pace factor is important if you want to estimate the measure of a land without using any measuring devices. The shaft is too tight in the hole; the center of the hole is not at the center of the shaft making it off-center; one part is loose on another and slips out of place or does not seal as it should. for this purpose level sensors are used to detect the level of the liquid or solids. It is a reference for engineers and contractors who may be involved with engineering projects. No matter how careful or accurate, every measurement result contains an independent amount of. Don't forget to analyze both gross and net profit margin to better understand how successful your organization is at generating a. Division Name: Civil Engineering Section Name: Methods of Measurement of Works of Civil Engineering (CED 44) Designator of Legally Binding Document: IS 1200-12 Title of Legally Binding Document: Method of Measurement of Building and Civil Engineering Works, Part XII: Plastering and Pointing Number of Amendments: Equivalence: Superceding. Measurement, the process of associating numbers with physical quantities and phenomena. Definition: Risk identification is the process of determining risks that could potentially prevent the program, enterprise, or investment from achieving its objectives. While we look at these various categories as stoic forms of mathematical measurements a closer examination of things we do in everyday life reveals their clear importance. IMPORTANCE OF MEASUREMENT OF LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN CONSTRUCTION Prachi R. In other words, measurement is established when many components are reviewed and tested individually to collect the measure of a number of errors in all these components. Instrumentation and Control Engineering. Within a chain of traceability, the units of measurement with the highest accuracy are realized by international measurement standards. Typically, the accuracy of the standard should be ten times the accuracy of the measuring device being tested. If you work in materials manufacturing, you probably already know that a hardness test is a crucial step in the production process for your products and the products you receive from. In the first case, you can avoid adding 3m and 25cm and coming up with the wrong answer. measurement synonyms, measurement pronunciation, measurement translation, English dictionary definition of measurement. Definition: Quality assurance is "a planned and systematic means for assuring management that the defined standards, practices, procedures, and methods of the process are applied. Effective productivity measurement, therefore, takes a multifactor perspective: it identifies the contribution of each factor in production, and then combines the factors to create an. Proper selection of units and accurate measurement of items are very important in our daily life. com, Elsevier's leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature. extensometers) measurement, full-field strain measurement yields an enormous amount of additional information that can help engineers and scientists better understand the behavior of materials and structures. 2 Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajkot 1. Measurement is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. pH Measurement pH meters and controllers are used to measure and monitor the pH level of a substance. All you need to do is use a few basic measuring instruments and explain their importance. A technical investigate is really based on theory, which is authorized only using attained measured principles. Importance of Measurement Systems Analysis Measurement Systems analysis is an integral part of the Six Sigma project. The unit of measurement should be simple and convenient to measure, record and understand. (UOM) for civil engineering works : Units of Measurement - Very Important Concrete Society Report - Concrete core testing for strength IS-2720 (PART 4)-1985-INDIAN STANDARD METHODS OF TEST FOR SOILS GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS(SECOND REVISION). Low levels can cause problems and damage equipment, while high levels can cause overflow and potentially create safety and environmental problems. The scope and application of measurement are dependent on the context and discipline. A molecule. estimate of the true mean. AMEC was delighted to be a part of a successful PRWeek Breakfast Briefing in London which had 14 "must see" quotes on the importance of measurement. To understand the techniques of surveying a student must carefully study the basics of it. Measurement of weight, volume, length and time has now become a part of our daily life. To elaborate, measurement accuracy is widely agreed to be a most important aspect in mechanical parts inspections. mike36 via Flickr) This technical article describes the basic principles of three phase systems and the difference between the different measurement connections that are possible. In software projects, it is most important to measure the quality, cost, and effectiveness of the project and the processes. In this case if the values are close together then it has a high degree of precision or repeatability. TPM is an evolutionary Program Management and systems engineering tool that builds on the three parameters of (1) Earned Value Management (EVM) and (2) cost and schedule performance indicators and (3. A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same kind of. Here I have listed some basic measurements and conversion factors which are most commonly used in civil engineering. The unit will give learners an understanding of a range of techniques and equipment commonly used in mechanical measurement and inspection. Measurement and Control Engineering Research Center;.